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EIMA 2014 - Integration between ergonomic and safety aspects in tractors and agricultural machinery

14/11/2014

Integration between ergonomic and safety aspects in tractors and agricultural machinery
Integration between ergonomic and safety aspects in tractors and agricultural machinery
The design of agricultural machinery provides that the specific technical objectives for which each machine is conceived are met. The security aspects are then analyzed and introduced into the project. Lastly, they are considered the main ergonomic aspects. However, rarely the possible sources of occupational disease are considered because they are more complicated to identify but, unfortunately, very disabling since they are often irreversible. Almost never, at the design stage, the end user preferences are taken into consideration. If the machine designed, even achieving the technical objectives for which it has been conceived, can not achieve all the prescribed safety or ergonomic goals, then it intervenes in a variety of ways both at regulatory level - for example reducing its daily time use - both at the producer / user level through, typically, the user and maintenance manual; rarely, direct training actions are taken. This approach has highlighted the need to integrate technical, performance, ergonomic and security aspects as widely as possible since the project level, although there are many level of criticality related to the modalities to be adopted for such integration. The actual project, funded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry (DM 12488/7303/11 of 09/06/2011), was intended to propose some methodologies and models for assessing the level of integration between the technical and ergonomic aspects of some agricultural machines considering them as "work stations".

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